Miami County's labor force has grown by more than 3 percent during the last decade. In 2015, the region's population of more than 400,000 persons created an available labor pool of more than 117,668 residing in counties on both sides of the Kansas-Missouri line. Almost 80 percent of these workers have at least some college experience and about 97 percent have a high school diploma. 

The county is involved in the Regional Workforce Intelligence Network (RWIN) of Greater Kansas City, a regional workforce and economic data exchange system organized by Mid-America Regional Council (MARC) to encourage greater collaboration among the region's workforce data and information professionals.
RWIN is a collaboration of economic development professionals, one-stop/workforce centers, community colleges and universities that meets on a regular basis to share information on current workforce development activities. The network provides input on real-time labor market reports, sector partnership development and other workforce development activities in the region.

A June 2016 summary of the county's employment and workplace profile reflects a sustained increase in population and employment. In particular, opportunities for growth in manufacturing, health care and construction are projected. The report reflects competitive wages in key employment sectors. The report includes a population forecast, employment rates and unemployment numbers, hourly wage comparisons, commuting patterns, employment by industry, projected employment growth, skills that are in demand, educational attainment and a list of higher education providers.

A 2015 labor basin study for the county had the following findings:
  • Almost 10,000 persons were non-employed and currently looking for employment.
  • More than 67,000 persons were employed but interested in a new full-time opportunity.
  • Almost 10% of the available labor pool currently work in general labor positions.
  • About 12% of the available labor pool currently work in high-skilled occupations.
  • The largest pool of available workers, about 37%, currently work in service sector jobs.
  • The second largest pool of available workers, about 19%, work in white-collar professional occupations.